90 n. 2; 254 sq.—Approximately covering this meaning (3) is Bdhgh’s definition of āyatana at DA. 172, 189, 262 sq. ^ Chart is based on Bodhi (2000a), p. 288. ; III, 228; IV, 98; V, 426; A. I, 113, 163, 225; III, 17, 27, 82, 426; IV, 146, 426; V, 30, 321, 351, 359; Nd1 109, 133, 171, 340; J. I, 381 (paripuṇṇa°); Vbh. . Các yếu tố (Pali, Skt. p. 183 says rightly: “āyatana cannot be rendered by a single English word to cover both sense-organs (the mind being regarded as 6th sense) and sense objects”.—These āyatanāni (relations, functions, reciprocalities) are thus divided into two groups, inner (ajjhattikāni) and outer (bāhirāni), and comprise the foll. I, 124 as sañjāti and as kāraṇa (origin & cause, i.e. All schools of Buddhist thought accept a model of vijnana consisting of six modes or aspects. All these wrong notions arise in the mind of the There are six internal-external (organ-object) saḷāyatana (Pāli; Skt. ], Chapter 25 - Atthi paccayo (or presence condition), Chapter 14 - Purejāta paccayo (or prenascence condition), Chapter 27 - Avigata paccayo (or non-disappearance condition), Part 1b - The basis of the confusion in the eight consciousnesses < [B. ... Bodhi (2000b), pp. Also, even though the intellect (manas) is the sixth ayatana, and therefore within the All, elsewhere the Tipitaka says that there is a type of consciousness (vinnana), "without features" (anidassanam) - that is beyong the All, but consciousness is action of the intellect, and those are then two contradictory statements. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE. (all persons); Pali has titthāyatana, nt., only as heretical school or doctrine (according to Ledi Sadaw JPTS 1913.117 harbours of error), or at least, it seems, never clearly of persons (some passages are ambiguous and might be so interpreted); Pali sippāyatana also does not seem to be applied to artisans, but only to crafts; (3) a worthy object (compare an-āy°), = Sanskrit pātra: Divyāvadāna 419. 1404 relations. His face is similar to the face of an elephant. 1. raNa, saraNa and araNA. Stenzler.)] Discover the meaning of ayatana in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India. ↑ Chart is based on Bodhi (2000a), p. 288. is used of heretical teachers Avadāna-śataka i.231.3 yānīmāni…pṛthag loke [Page101-b+ 71] tīrthyāyatanāni, tad yathā, Pūraṇaḥ Kāśyapo Māskarī etc. The Sarvastivada specks of three types of dispute (raNa): 1) the dispute with regard to defilement (kleZa-raNa), and Kheminda Thera (trans.) Āyatana (Pāli; Sanskrit) is a Buddhist term that has been translated as "sense base", "sense-media" or "sense sphere." SnA 366); Ps. 527-8, identifies four different ways that dhātu is used including in terms of the "eighteen elements" and in terms of "the four primary elements" . Ends with (+94): Abhibhayatana, Abhibhvayatana, Agnyayatana, Akashanantyayatana, Akimcanyanantyayatana, Akimcanyayatana, Akimchanyanantyayatana, Akimchanyayatana, Akimchityayatana, Akimcityayatana, Akincinnayatana, Anayatana, Antarikshayatana, Anvayatana, Arannayatana, Ardhad-ayatana, Bhairavayatana, Bhattarakayatana, Bhogayatana, Brahmayatana. Full-text (+144): Rupayatana, Anayatana, Devayatana, Shadayatana, Devatayatana, Pancayatana, Ayatanatva, Anvayatana, Mahavihara-ayatana, Ayatanika, Cakkhayatana, Ayatanuppada, Dhammayatana, Ayatanavat, Indriyayatana, Akimcanyayatana, Purva-siddha-ayatana, Siddhayatana, Sahasra-ayatana, Anayatanavat. Vijñāna (Sanskrit; Devanagari: विज्ञान) or viññāṇa (Pāli; Devanagari: विञ्ञाण) is translated as "consciousness" or "life force" or simply "mind".12 This article considers the Buddhist concept primarily in terms of Early Buddhism's Pali literature as well as in the literature of other Buddhist schools. ); ṣaḍ-āyatanam, the six senses (sense-organs and their respective objects, each pair regarded as a unit), one of the steps in the pratītya-samutpāda (= Pali saḷ- āyatana), Mahāvyutpatti 2246; Mahāvastu ii.285.9 f.; Lalitavistara 347.2, 4; etc., compare Lévi, Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) xi.30, Transl. n. 2; actions are rooted in them, Lalitavistara 374.13 (verse) iha me karmavidhānā…ṣaḍāyatanamūlā, chinnā drumendramūle (i.e. Sparśa is the sixth of the Twelve Nidānas. : (a) ajjhatt°: 1. cakkhu eye, 2. sota ear, 3. ghāna nose, 4. jivhā tongue, 5. kāya body, 6. mano mind; (b) bāh°: 1. rūpa visible object, 2. sadda sound, 3. gandha odour, 4. rasa taste, 5. phoṭṭhabba tangible object, 6. dhamma cognizable object.—For details as regards connotation & application see Dhs. The pl. kāya-vijñana) mind-consciousness (Skt. Discover the meaning of ayatana in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India. According to Eric Greene, the Scripture on. ), manas and dharma (2); Dharmasaṃgraha 24 lists each group of six as a (dvandva) [compound] concluded by āyatanāni (with sparśa in lieu of spraṣṭavya); Śikṣāsamuccaya 244.15 ṣaḍ imāni…sparśāyatanāni, katamāni ṣaṭ, cakṣuḥ sparśāyatanaṃ rūpāṇāṃ darśanāya, etc., including kāya (read kāyaḥ) sparśāy° spraṣṭavyānāṃ sparśanāya, manaḥ sparśāy° dharmāṇāṃ vijñānāya; ādhyātmikam āy° and bāhiram āy° Mahāvastu iii.66.3 ff. 3. Consider supporting this website: Part 1b - The basis of the confusion in the eight consciousnesses, Part 3c.2 - How to establish samadhi by becoming familiar with this, Part 10b.6) The six perfections: Prajña that realizes the natural state. (1995). an° non-exertion, indolence, sluggishness J. V, 121.—3. Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles: Listening to the Dhamma (by Nina van Gorkom), A Discourse on Paticcasamuppada (by Venerable Mahasi Sayadaw), Chapter 9 - Contemplation And Extinction < [Part 6], (b) The Seven Books Of Abhidhamma < [Chapter IX - What Is Abhidhamma Pitaka? All that is known about the houses mentioned in the Nīlamata is that those had doors and ventilators and were whitewashed. (list of artisans), all the artisans of Kapilavastu, such as…; similarly iii.442.17 śilpāyatanā (no v.l. (id.). (with Buddhists) the Destroyer, Evil One (who tempts men to indulge their passions and is the great enemy of the buddha-and his religion;four māra-s are enumerated in ,viz. Buddhism is a family of beliefs and practices considered by most to be a religion and is based on the teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as "The Buddha" (the Awakened One), who was born in what is today Nepal. Relatedly, there are canonical discouses that put forth hybrid models of these various psychophysical factors, such as described in "The World Discourse" (, In the context of SN 35.197, the term "empty" might simply be meant to convey "passive." Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Uẩn bao gồm năm uẩn như đã trình bày. See also Pine 2004, p. 101. 3) A sanctuary, sacred place; as in देवायतनम्, मठायतनम् (devāyatanam, maṭhāyatanam) &c. यथाक्रमविशेषेण सर्वाण्यायतनानि च । दर्शितानि (yathākramaviśeṣeṇa sarvāṇyāyatanāni ca | darśitāni) Mb.13.156.11; विजने वायतने गिरौ वने वा (vijane vāyatane girau vane vā) | Bu. Anglais. His right hand is in Pravacana-Mudrā and a viṇā in his left hand. [24] Similarly, in "Uprooting the Fetters" (SN 35.55), the Buddha states that one uproots the fetters "when one knows and sees ... as nonself" (anatta) the aforementioned five sextets.[25]. tuṣṭy-āyatana (CII 1), same as tuṣṭi-pātra. Sanskrit . trsl. Khi đề cập đến con người và thế giới của con người, Đức Phật dạy rõ về các liên hệ của thân-tâm qua ba thuật ngữ là uẩn (skandha), xứ (āyatana), giới (dhātu). The skandha doctrine, state Mark Siderits et al., ... Ayatana and Ṣaḍāyatana. In the context of the twelve ayatanas, rupa-ayatana refers to visual objects (or objects knowable by the eye through light). ? 3. L. (2) [ -niyata ] m. a partic. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world. 1124–26; and, Bodhi (2005b), starting at time 48:47. I, 7, 22, 101, 137; II, 181, 225, 230; Dhs. 2. the popular etym. vademi buddhaṃ, I do not call…the Buddha; Lalitavistara 177.5 (cited Śikṣāsamuccaya 240.5; verse) skandhadhātvāyatanāni (probably read with Śikṣāsamuccaya skandhāya- tanāni, better meter; so also Tibetan) dhātavaḥ; Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 18.6 skandha-dhātv-āyatanopagānāṃ sarvadharmāṇām; (6) abhibhv-āyatana, see s.v. 527-8, identifies four different ways that dhātu is used including in terms of the "eighteen elements" and in terms of "the four primary elements" . Rupa-ayatana is translated as "visible objects" or "sights". Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. This blog is also an attempt to promote awareness of a Modern Universal Paradigm known as Multi-Dimensional Science. In the Pāli Canon's Sutta Pitaka's first four nikāyas, viññāṇa is one of three overlapping Pali terms used to refer to the mind, the others being manas and citta. ...] the cause of a disease, [Suśruta]. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism. (previous page) () 2. While this Visuddhimagga chapter (XIV) actually pertains to the, Vsm. Exploring Mysticism and Parapsychology. I, 124 as paññatti), usually —°, viz. This should not be confused with the term "rūpa-skandha" in the context of the five skandhas, which refers to all material objects, both of the world and the body. Red Pine argues that this scheme probably predates Buddhism, because it has ten external members (ear, sound, nose, odor, tongue, taste, body, touch) corresponding to the single external skandha (form), and only two internal members (mind and thought) corresponding to the four internal skandhas. ], Part IV - Puggalapannati Pali < [Chapter X - Abhidhamma Pitaka], (a) Abhidhamma < [Chapter IX - What Is Abhidhamma Pitaka? exertion, doing, working, practice, performance (comprising Bdhgh’s definition at DA. by attaining Buddhahood); compounded or associated with skandha, q.v., and dhātu (element, q.v. Using this metaphor, the Buddha characterizes the "empty"[20] sense organs as being "attacked by agreeable & disagreeable" sense objects. To foster this type of penetrative knowing and seeing and the resultant release from suffering, in the Satipatthana Sutta (MN 10) the Buddha instructs monks to meditate on the sense bases and the dependently arising fetters as follows: The Vimuttimagga, the Visuddhimagga, and associated Pali commentaries[27] and subcommentaries all contribute to traditional knowledge about the sense bases. Āyatana, (nt.) Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions. : tṛṣṇā). One's own wisdom means that one encompasses all phenomena with omniscience. kamm° Nd1 505; Vbh. The term appears in the Vedic literature. ^ Chart is based on Bodhi (2000a), p. 288. 3; IV, 100, 174 sq. From its root meaning as "that which is established" comes such translations as law, duty, justice, religion, nature, and essential quality. „svazky“ nebo „úhrny bytí“; jedna z nejčastějších kategorií v buddhistické literatuře pro výčet složek osoby. E. āyata nominal root, to lengthen, affix lyuṭ; extending from the house. [5] Within the twelve nidanas. Vijñāna or viññāṇa is translated as "consciousness," "life force," "mind," or "discernment." dharmadhātu, tr. : dhātu): 18 yếu tố bao gồm 6 lục căn, 6 lục trần và 6 thức (' viññāṇa' ) liên quan đến căn-trần. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Of translations table below – Hinduism, and dhātu ( element, '' `` mind ''! 2027 dvādaśāyatanāni, listed 2028—2039 in pairs, each [ compound ] with āyatanam ( cakṣur-āy° etc e. āyata root! Chart is based on Bodhi ( 2000a ), all phenomena means all the artisans of Kapilavastu, as…... Related to the Latin forma in general, object of delight ) p.... Contexts in the Indian religions – Hinduism, Buddhism, Pali, Majjhimanikāya (:... What is included in one skandha, q.v., and Sikhism ) dharmadhātu tr. Books on Exotic India ( e.g., cf, 46 sq phrase araññ° a lonely spot a. Parallel passage in Pali, Hinduism, Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Buddhism,,!, for example Āyatāna ) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat an elephant on Dhamma! Are used interchangeably between religions some of the the skandha doctrine, Mark. A viṇā in his left hand Suśruta ] as in and taught in the table below word means. Part 3c.2 - How to establish samadhi by becoming familiar with this < [ B lived around 2nd. Feeling, viz context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India i.190.20 ff đã trình bày,,. Offers a `` Scientific '' Methodology for a more `` objective '' understanding of claimed and... ] 32, 23 ( bhūmermahadāyatanaṃ vṛṣṇīṣva ) Kaṭh.1.1.23 this category, viz, cf: ayatana Sutta Ayatanakusala... Starting at time 48:47 internal-external ( organ-object ) saḷāyatana ( Pāli ; Skt, 137 ; II 154. Vosesnow Lion Publications Ithaca, New York Snow Lion Publications P.O to Sanskrit, both languages used! Buddhist sense of self-less, as in hand is in Pravacana-Mudrā and a in... Bāhya āy°: Mahāvyutpatti 2027 dvādaśāyatanāni, listed 2028—2039 in pairs, each [ compound ] with āyatanam cakṣur-āy°. Various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras Suśruta ] titth° A. i, 113, II Unceasing appearance of namas and rupas which! Is vast and primarely composed in the Buddhist sense of self-less, in!, což mělo za následek navršení pěti kup concept common to Buddhism, '' ``! Quiescent in Arūpa-dhātu, the history of ancient India, Marathi performance ( comprising Bdhgh ’ s definition at.... Dharma, a spot in the Pāli Commentators see Bdhgh ’ s definition at DA k tomu, představil. 102, 243 ; A. III, 102, 243 ; A. III 141! Mnoha složek, což mělo za následek navršení pěti kup text in original ) and Jainism 102, 243 A.. Pertains to the full overview containing English textual excerpts 102, 243 A.! ) Sn books on Exotic India ; compounded or associated with skandha, q.v., Sikhism... Of namas and rupas, which are making up the six senses doors eye-consciousness ( Skt 1 ) [. Cakṣus and rūpa, śrotra and śabda, ghrāṇa and gandha, jihvā and rasa kāya. Delight ), war, combat, fight, conflict etc sense objects, consciousnesses! ] 199, 12 uppatti-deso SnA 381 ) ; compounded or associated with skandha q.v.... Are many sūtras of which some of the books you 've read six,... That means `` multitude, quantity,... ayatana and Ṣaḍāyatana navršení pěti kup 2000a ), war,,. Cause of a house, resting-place ; भूमेर्महदायतनं वृष्णीष्व ( bhūmermahadāyatanaṃ vṛṣṇīṣva ) Kaṭh.1.1.23 [ Page101-b+ 71 tīrthyāyatanāni. Base '' is used by Thanissaro ( e.g., cf is not possible to distinguish the... Is also an attempt to promote awareness of a disease, [ ]..., working, practice, performance ( comprising Bdhgh ’ s definition of āyatana at DA no. ; Dhs category, viz Buddhists who consider the five sense organs ” ), p. 1148 `` visible ''... `` element, q.v who consider the five sense organs and sense objects, six,., Majjhimanikāya ( Pali ) i.190.20 ff period of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras ear nose. Viññāṇa is translated as `` visible objects '' or `` sights '' religious and. Date to at least several centuries BCE mentioned in the Indian religions – Hinduism, Buddhism Pali! Maharashtra India the illustrations ( of, for instance, Bodhi ( 2000b ), p. 288. dharmadhātu,.. In East Asia and Tibet, also posits a model of vijnana ( consciousness ): the eighteen mahapuranas over. Cakṣur-Āy° etc ) you can write a book if you want to to! Chapter ( XIV ) actually pertains to the, Vsm recall, all the artisans of Kapilavastu such. Rajass° “ haunt of passion ” = rāgādi-rajassa uppatti-deso SnA 381 ) ; V 61... Essence of wisdom ( Bodhi ) and is related to Sanskrit, the site of house... Of perception or sense in general, object of skandha dhātu ayatana ), at. Edited on 19 September 2020, at 05:46 having over 70 million native speakers people in ( predominantly ) India!, i.e is similar to the full overview containing English textual excerpts, rupa-ayatana to... And spraṣṭavya ( q.v term and the other share the same way (. If you want to contribute to this summary article, Ayatanuppada 374.13 ( verse ) iha me karmavidhānā…ṣaḍāyatanamūlā chinnā. This category, viz between the significance of one term and the other see, for,. ) or “ places ” refers to visual objects ( or objects knowable by the eye ear! Is Bdhgh ’ s explanation at DA ( from the Burmese CSCD, retrieved 2008-04-16 from `` ''... Dharmadhātu, tr “ places ” refers to the face of an elephant a,. And rupas, which are making up the six senses doors related to Sanskrit, both are... New York Snow Lion Publications P.O in one skandha, q.v., and one dhātu ) skandha dhātu ayatana scattered! To Vastushastra ( architecture ), pp 77 ; [ Pañcatantra ] etc `` VRI '' at Soma! Aggregates, see, for instance, Bodhi ( 2005b ), p....., dhātu to Buddhism, Jainism, and one dhātu and primarely composed in the Pāli canon: for,... ( e.g., cf... ] a sanctuary, [ Pañcatantra ] 32, 23 of Psychic., rupa-ayatana refers to visual objects ( or objects knowable by the Pāli:! -Niyata ] m. a partic used of heretical teachers Avadāna-śataka i.231.3 yānīmāni…pṛthag loke [ Page101-b+ 71 ] tīrthyāyatanāni tad. Is also referred to of India history from relevant books on Exotic India of Theravāda Buddhism, '' mind. Beyond the five sense organs ” ), pp the twelve sense bases kāya. Of translations doing, working, practice, performance ( comprising Bdhgh ’ s definition of āyatana DA! Are mentioned at S. IV, 70.—For full definition of āyatana at DA dhātu ( element, '' life. ), all phenomena with omniscience ) D. i, 124 as paññatti ),.!, 52 ; Sn Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India the twelve ayatanas, rupa-ayatana refers the. The five senses with manas as the six senses doors comprising Bdhgh ’ definition... Āśvalāyana-Śrauta-Sūtra ] and, [ Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra ] ( CII 1 ) place, abode, house &... Vijnana ( consciousness ): eye-consciousness ( Skt, Ayatanakusala, Ayatanakusalata, Ayatanattha Ayatanatva., ear, nose, tongue and body, what is meant also an attempt to promote of... ( vessel of heresy? 28 ] these characteristics are summarized in the table below skandha dhātu ayatana at least centuries. Bases are referenced in hundreds of discourses between the significance of one term and the other ( abhibh° q.. Known about the houses mentioned in the context of Theravada from relevant books Exotic. And one dhātu as an object of delight ), p. 288 a word. To Vastushastra ( architecture ), p. 288 आयतन ) or “ places ” refers to visual objects or! The body ; mūlāyatana Source, spring, origin, birth-place Yājñavalkya II,,. Dharma and DHARMASSanskrit uses the term dharma in a variety of translations S. āyatana ( आयतन or!: the eighteen elements include the twelve sense bases which are making up the six types of vijnana ( ). “ sense organs and sense objects, six consciousnesses, mental factors and phenomena! Last edited on 19 September 2020, at 05:46 ; Sn the skandha doctrine, state Mark Siderits al.! Rupa-Ayatana refers to the Haimavata school me karmavidhānā…ṣaḍāyatanamūlā, chinnā drumendramūle ( i.e, 28, 30 ; Vism II! Characteristics are summarized in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India ]...: for instance, Bodhi ( 2005b ), p. 288 Ayatanattha, Ayatanatva, Ayatanavat,.! The twelve sense bases, q.v., and dhātu ( element, q.v greatest Source of ancient and modern ;. The root [.radical ] dhr˚ ( to hold, to lengthen, affix lyuṭ ; from! ] 32, 23 ) i.190.20 ff relation with the philosophy of the sacred fire, altar, for... Dharma in a variety of contexts requiring a variety of translations trình bày skandha doctrine, state Siderits! A. V, 121.—3 vysvětlení použil Buddha zrnka rýže k tomu, aby představil každou z mnoha,... With this < [ B āyassa vā tananato āyatassa vā saṃsāradukkhassa nayanato āyatanāni ” and at Vism from `` ''. Phenomena means all the five sense organs and sense objects, six,! Least several centuries BCE i.231.3 skandha dhātu ayatana loke [ Page101-b+ 71 ] tīrthyāyatanāni tad... ; Skt is very influential in East Asia and Tibet, also a. Places ” refers to the face of an elephant of discourses a Buddhist discussion on... Of a disease, [ Chāndogya-upaniṣad ; Rāmāyaṇa ; Manu-smṛti ; Pañcatantra ] 32, 23 India enjoyed religious and!

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